8. Movements

The settlement movement was one of a raft of reforming efforts emerging in Victorian times in response to urban disadvantage. The following ngrams indicate how much was written over time about each. The settlement movement has had relatively small but continuous attention on a scale akin to the drive for garden cities. The catalysts for…

7. Missions and Settlements in Southwark

The idea of missions and settlements caught fire. Cambridge colleges headed south of the river. As the following map, drawn in the first part of the 20th Century shows, Pembroke House was just one of a dozen missions, mostly congregated in Southwark. https://www.queens.cam.ac.uk/visiting-the-college/history/college-facts/queens-house-mission Charles Booth’s poverty map shows four missions in the Walworth area, Charterhouse…

6. The Catalysts

There was a contagion. The idea of missions in disadvantaged communities spread across Oxford, Cambridge and through the public schools. The colleges and schools were primarily drawn to London. The Oxford colleges headed to the East End. The Cambridge colleges looked south of the river. The public school missions distributed across the capital. Diagram built…

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